Rapport sur le cadre juridique applicable à l’utilisation de la reconnaissance faciale par les forces de police dans l’espace public au Québec et au Canada: Éléments de comparaison avec les États-Unis et l’Europe. Septembre 2020

The International Observatory on the Societal Impacts of AI and Digital Technologies, in partnership with the University of Ottawa Research Chair on Accountable Artificial Intelligence in a Global World, presents a report on the legal framework applicable to the use of facial recognition by police forces in the public space in Quebec and Canada: Elements of comparison with the United States and Europe. This report, prepared under the supervision of Prof. Céline Castets-Renard, presents the main issues related to the use of facial recognition by police forces in the public space in Quebec and Canada and the applicable legal framework, in comparison with Europe and the United States. In a context where this technology is being deployed more and more widely, it is important to reflect on its deployment beforehand in order to eliminate or minimize the risks involved, particularly for individual rights and freedoms.   This report thus aims to enlighten legislators and decision-makers on what facial recognition technologies are and the risks involved, in particular the risks of infringing on individual rights and freedoms protected by the Canadian and Quebec Charters, and to present the solutions already implemented in order to consider those that minimize the risks and the intrusion of this technology on privacy, so as to set the conditions for transparency and better social acceptability. In addition to providing analytical support to public decision-makers, the production of this report is intended to initiate discussion and exchange with all stakeholders in Quebec and Canada.

This content has been updated on 21 October 2022 at 22 h 21 min.